In Java, large coffee estates are more prevalent compared to any other place in Indonesia, owing to the country’s history and practices. Java was one of the first islands in Indonesia to cultivate coffee, with its introduction dating back to the 1600s during the Dutch colonial period. While coffee is grown on various islands across Indonesia, it is particularly common to find extensive coffee estates on Java. Even today, Java remains a significant producer of arabica coffee, largely attributed to the estates established by the Dutch.
Until 1900, five out of six coffee producers worldwide used coffee seeds from Java Typica for cultivating their coffee. Most of the coffee production on Java takes place on the eastern side of the island, near the Ijen volcano, although there are also growers on the western side.
Supriyanto, also known as Iyan, is a farmer located in Mount Suket within the Ijen mountain range. On a small plot of his farm, Supriyanto cultivates Laurina coffee, which was initially planted by PT Perkebunan Nusantara. Due to the local climate and environment, the Laurina beans grown in this area have a slightly larger size compared to other Laurina varieties, but they still retain the distinctive Laurina characteristics, such as a sharp, pointed green bean shape. The Laurina plants themselves possess unique features, including pointed leaves and cherries.
Low caf Laurina
Laurina is considered an exotic coffee bean in Indonesia and is known as one of the most challenging varietals to grow worldwide. It requires special attention from coffee growers but rewards them with exceptional sweetness and reduced bitterness. While decaffeinated coffee is typically achieved through a process of steaming and soaking green beans in a liquid, Laurina naturally contains a lower level of caffeine. With a caffeine percentage of around 0.8%, Laurina, also known as Bourbon Pointu, has significantly less caffeine compared to other Arabica coffees, which typically have a caffeine percentage of 1.8%.
The Laurina grown in Indonesia represents the first-ever cultivation of this varietal in the country, and it is a different mutation of the original Laurina variety. However, growing Laurina in Indonesia poses challenges as it is highly susceptible to leaf rust and diseases. The prevailing climate change conditions in Indonesia, characterized by heavy rainfall and hot weather, make it technically unsuitable for Laurina cultivation. Nonetheless, through cross-breeding and natural mutation techniques developed by the Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute, this particular Laurina plant can thrive in Indonesia.
Supriyanto’s farm is dedicated to cultivating Laurina and other exotic coffee varietals, and they have succeeded in producing the first-ever Indonesian-grown Laurina. Additionally, Supriyanto has planted other exotic varietals, which hold much anticipation for the future.